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Search publications from iThera users. By product. By application.

Preclinical

MSOT

Other

Nervous

Nanoparticle

Molecular

Fungal keratitis is one of the most common blindness-causing diseases, but clinical antifungal treatment remains a challenge. The fungal cell wall and biofilm matrix which severely confine the drug preparation are the critical obstructive factors to therapeutic effects. Herein, we report ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) modified AgCu2O nanoparticles (AgCuE NPs) to disrupt the cell wall and then eradicate C. albicans through the internal cascade synergistic effects of ion-released chemotherapy, chemodynamic therapy, photodynamic therapy, and mild photothermal therapy. AgCuE NPs exhibited excellent antifungal activity both in preventing biofilm formation and in destroying mature biofilms. Furthermore, AgCuE NP based gel formulations were topically applied to kill fungi, reduce inflammation, and promote wound healing, using optical coherence tomography and photoacoustic imaging to monitor nanogel retention and therapeutic effects on the infected murine cornea model. The AgCuE NP gel showed good biosafety and no obvious ophthalmic and systemic side effects. This study suggests that the AgCuE NP gel is an effective and safe antifungal strategy for fungal keratitis with a favorable prognosis and potential for clinical translation.

Clinical

MSOT

Technology

Optoacoustic imaging relies on the detection of optically induced acoustic waves to offer new possibilities in morphological and functional imaging. As the modality matures towards clinical application, research efforts aim to address multifactorial limitations that negatively impact the resulting image quality. In an endeavor to obtain a clear view on the limitations and their effects, as well as the status of this progressive refinement process, we conduct an extensive search for optoacoustic image quality improvement approaches that have been evaluated with humans in vivo, thus focusing on clinically relevant outcomes. We query six databases (PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, IEEE Xplore, ACM Digital Library, and Google Scholar) for articles published from 1 January 2010 to 31 October 2021, and identify 45 relevant research works through a systematic screening process. We review the identified approaches, describing their primary objectives, targeted limitations, and key technical implementation details. Moreover, considering comprehensive and objective quality assessment as an essential prerequisite for the adoption of such approaches in clinical practice, we subject 36 of the 45 papers to a further in-depth analysis of the reported quality evaluation procedures, and elicit a set of criteria with the intent to capture key evaluation aspects. Through a comparative criteria-wise rating process, we seek research efforts that exhibit excellence in quality assessment of their proposed methods, and discuss features that distinguish them from works with similar objectives. Additionally, informed by the rating results, we highlight areas with improvement potential, and extract recommendations for designing quality assessment pipelines capable of providing rich evidence.

Clinical

MSOT

Other

Cardiovascular

Hemoglobin

Functional

The immediate diagnosis of severe anemia is crucial for patient outcome. However, reliable non-invasive point-of-care diagnostic tools for e.g., ICU monitoring are currently lacking. Using an advanced Multispectral Optoacoustic Tomography (MSOT) research device, we first substantiated a strong positive correlation of MSOT-signal and absolute hemoglobin concentration ex vivo in blood samples. In a clinical exploratory proof-of-concept study, we then evaluated 19 patients with different severities of anemia and controls by non-invasive in vivo measurement of hemoglobin in the radial artery. Our approach proved excellent in identifying patients with severe anemia triggering RBC transfusion based on a strong positive correlation of MSOT-signal intensity and hemoglobin concentration for 700 nm single wavelength and HbR unmixed MSOT-parameter analysis. In conclusion, our study lays the foundation to further develop MSOT-based real-time quantitative perfusion analyses in follow-up preclinical and clinical imaging studies and as a promising diagnostic tool to improve patient care in the future. DRKS00021442.

Clinical

MSOT

Other

Cardiovascular

Hemoglobin

Anatomical

Functional imaging with new photoacoustic tomography (PAT) offers improved spatial and temporal resolution quality in in vivo human skin vascular assessments. In the present study, we followed a suprasystolic reactive hyperemia (RH) maneuver with a multi-spectral optoacoustic tomography (MSOT) system. A convenience sample of ten participants, both sexes, mean age of 35.8 ± 13.3 years old, was selected. All procedures were in accordance with the principles of good clinical practice and approved by the institutional ethics committee. Images were obtained at baseline (resting), during occlusion, and immediately after pressure release. Observations of the RH by PAT identified superficial and deeper vascular structures parallel to the skin surface as part of the human skin vascular plexus. Furthermore, PAT revealed that the suprasystolic occlusion impacts both plexus differently, practically obliterating the superficial smaller vessels and evoking stasis at the deeper, larger structures in real-time (live) conditions. This dual effect of RH on the skin plexus has not been explored and is not considered in clinical settings. Thus, RH seems to represent much more than the local microvascular reperfusion as typically described, and PAT offers a vast potential for vascular clinical and preclinical research.

Schellenberg M et al., Photoacoustics. 2022 Sep 13;28:100402.

Preclinical, Clinical

MSOT

Technology

Photoacoustic tomography (PAT) has the potential to recover morphological and functional tissue properties with high spatial resolution. However, previous attempts to solve the optical inverse problem with supervised machine learning were hampered by the absence of labeled reference data. While this bottleneck has been tackled by simulating training data, the domain gap between real and simulated images remains an unsolved challenge. We propose a novel approach to PAT image synthesis that involves subdividing the challenge of generating plausible simulations into two disjoint problems: (1) Probabilistic generation of realistic tissue morphology, and (2) pixel-wise assignment of corresponding optical and acoustic properties. The former is achieved with Generative Adversarial Networks (GANs) trained on semantically annotated medical imaging data. According to a validation study on a downstream task our approach yields more realistic synthetic images than the traditional model-based approach and could therefore become a fundamental step for deep learning-based quantitative PAT (qPAT).

Clinical

MSOT

Other

Reproductive

Lipid

Anatomical

A 50-year-old woman with no past medical history presented with a left anterior chest wall mass that was clinically soft, mobile, and non-tender. A targeted ultrasound (US) showed findings suggestive of a lipoma. However, focal “mass-like” nodules seen within the inferior portion suggested malignant transformation of a lipomatous lesion called for cross sectional imaging, such as MRI or invasive biopsy or excision for histological confirmation. A T1-weighted image demonstrated a large lipoma that has a central fat-containing region surrounded by an irregular hypointense rim in the inferior portion, confirming the benignity of the lipoma. An ultrasound-guided photoacoustic imaging (PA) of the excised specimen to derive the biochemical distribution demonstrated the “mass-like” hypoechoic regions on US as fat-containing, suggestive of benignity of lesion, rather than fat-replacing suggestive of malignancy. The case showed the potential of PA as an adjunct to US in improving the diagnostic confidence in lesion characterization.

Preclinical

MSOT

Other

Digestive

Contrast agent dye, Nanoparticle

Molecular

Nanoparticles (NPs) have been shown to be a suitable mRNA delivery platform by conferring protection against ribonucleases and facilitating cellular uptake. Several NPs have succeeded in delivering mRNA intranasally, intratracheally, and intramuscularly in preclinical settings. However, intravenous mRNA delivery has been less explored. Only a few NPs have been tested for systemic delivery of mRNA, many of which are formulated with polyethylene glycol (PEG). The incorporation of PEG presents some tradeoffs that must be carefully considered when designing a systemic delivery model. For example, while the addition of PEG may prolong circulation time by preventing early clearance by the mononuclear phagocytic system (MPS), it has also been reported that treating patients with PEGylated drugs can result in hypersensitivity reactions due to anti-PEG antibodies. Thus, it is desirable to have alternative PEG-free delivery methods for mRNA to avoid these adverse effects while preserving the beneficial effects. Our research group developed BAPCs (branched amphiphilic peptide capsules), a peptide-based nanoparticle that resists disruption by chaotropes, proteases, and elevated temperature, thus displaying significant stability and shelf-life. In this study, we demonstrated that similarly to PEG, mRNA shields the BAPC cationic surface to avoid early clearance by the MPS. Multispectral optoacoustic tomography (MSOT) and fluorescence reflectance imaging were imaging techniques used to analyze biodistribution within major MPS organs. Analysis of pro-inflammatory cytokine expression showed that BAPC-mRNA complexes do not cause chronic inflammation. Additionally, BAPCs enhance intracellular delivery of mRNA with negligible cytotoxicity or oxidative stress. These results might pave the way for future therapeutic applications of BAPCs as a delivery platform for systemic mRNA delivery.

Hofmann UAT et al., Photoacoustics. 2022 Sep 23;28:100405.

Preclinical, Clinical

RSOM

Ischemia

Integumentary

Hemoglobin

Anatomical

Optoacoustic mesoscopy combines rich optical absorption contrast with high spatial resolution at tissue depths beyond reach for microscopic techniques employing focused light excitation. The mesoscopic imaging performance is commonly hindered by the use of inaccurate delay-and-sum reconstruction approaches and idealized modeling assumptions. In principle, image reconstruction performance could be enhanced by simulating the optoacoustic signal generation, propagation, and detection path. However, for most realistic experimental scenarios, the underlying total impulse response (TIR) cannot be accurately modelled. Here we propose to capture the TIR by scanning of a sub-resolution sized absorber. Significant improvement of spatial resolution and depth uniformity is demonstrated over 3 mm range, outperforming delay-and-sum and model-based reconstruction implementations. Reconstruction performance is validated by imaging subcutaneous murine vasculature and human skin in vivo. The proposed experimental calibration and reconstruction paradigm facilitates quantitative inversions while averting complex physics-based simulations. It can readily be applied to other imaging modalities employing TIR-based reconstructions.

Preclinical, Clinical