Emerging evidence indicates crosstalk between the brain and hematopoietic system following cerebral ischemia. Here, we investigated metabolism and oxygenation in the spleen and spinal cord in a transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (tMCAO) model. Sham-operated and tMCAO mice underwent [18F]fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG)-positron emission tomography (PET) to assess glucose metabolism. Naïve, sham-operated and tMCAO mice underwent multispectral optoacoustic tomography (MSOT) assisted by quantitative model-based reconstruction and unmixing algorithms for accurate mapping of oxygenation patterns in peripheral tissues at 24 h after reperfusion. We found increased [18F]FDG uptake and reduced MSOT oxygen saturation, indicating hypoxia in the thoracic spinal cord of tMCAO mice compared with sham-operated mice but not in the spleen. Reduced spleen size was observed in tMCAO mice compared with sham-operated mice ex vivo. tMCAO led to an increase in the numbers of mature T cells in femoral bone marrow tissues, concomitant with a stark reduction in these cell subsets in the spleen and peripheral blood. The combination of quantitative PET and MSOT thus enabled observation of hypoxia and increased metabolic activity in the spinal cord of tMCAO mice at 24 h after occlusion compared to sham-operated mice.