Porphyrins and their derivatives are widely used as photosensitizers and sonosensitizers in tumor treatment. Nevertheless, their poor water solubility and low chemical stability reduce their singlet oxygen (1O2) yield and, consequently, their photodynamic therapy (PDT) and sonodynamic therapy (SDT) efficiency. Although strategies for porphyrin molecule assembly have been developed to augment 1O2 generation, there is scope for further improving PDT and SDT efficiencies. Herein, we synthesized ordered manganese porphyrin (SM) nanoparticles with well-defined self-assembled metalloporphyrin networks that enabled efficient energy transfer for enhanced photocatalytic and sonocatalytic activity in 1O2 production. Subsequently, Au nanoparticles were grown in situ on the SM surface by anchoring the terminal alkynyl of porphyrin to form plasmonic SMA heterostructures, which showed the excellent near-infrared-II (NIR-II) region absorption and photothermal properties, and facilitated electron-hole pair separation and transfer. With the modification of hyaluronic acid (HA), SMAH heterostructure nanocomposites exhibited good water solubility and were actively targeted to cancer cells. Under NIR-II light and ultrasound (US) irradiation, the SMAH generates hyperthermia, and a large amount of 1O2, inducing cancer cell damage. Both in vitro and in vivo studies confirmed that the SMAH nanocomposites effectively suppressed tumor growth by decreasing GSH levels in SDT-augmented PDT/PTT. Moreover, by utilizing the strong absorption in the NIR-II window, SMAH nanocomposites can achieve NIR-II photoacoustic imaging-guided combined cancer treatment. This work provides a paradigm for enhancing the 1O2 yield of metalloporphyrins to improve the synergistic therapeutic effect of SDT/PDT/PTT.