Objective: Postprandial lipid profiling (PLP), a risk indicator of cardiometabolic disease, is based on frequent blood sampling over several hours after a meal, an approach that is invasive and inconvenient. Non-invasive PLP may offer an alternative for disseminated human monitoring. Herein, we investigate the use of clinical multispectral optoacoustic tomography (MSOT) for non-invasive, label-free PLP via direct lipid-sensing in human vasculature and soft tissues.
Methods: Four (n = 4) subjects (3 females and 1 male, age: 28 ± 7 years) were enrolled in the current pilot study. We longitudinally measured the lipid signals in arteries, veins, skeletal muscles, and adipose tissues of all participants at 30-min intervals for 6 h after the oral consumption of a high-fat meal.
Results: Optoacoustic lipid-signal analysis showed on average a 63.4% intra-arterial increase at ~ 4 h postprandially, an 83.9% intra-venous increase at ~ 3 h, a 120.8% intra-muscular increase at ~ 3 h, and a 32.8% subcutaneous fat increase at ~ 4 h.
Conclusion: MSOT provides the potential to study lipid metabolism that could lead to novel diagnostics and prevention strategies by label-free, non-invasive detection of tissue biomarkers implicated in cardiometabolic diseases.