Early diagnosis of hepatic inflammation is the key to timely treatment and avoid the worsening of liver inflammation. Near-infrared fluorescence (NIRF) probes have high sensitivity but low spatial resolution in lesion imaging, while photoacoustic (PA) imaging has good spatial location information. Therefore, the development of a NIRF/PA dual-modal probe integrated with high sensitivity and spatial location feedback can achieve an accurate early diagnosis of hepatic inflammation. Here, we report an activatable NIRF/PA dual-modal probe (hCy-Tf-CA) for the detection of the superoxide anion (O2·-) in early hepatic inflammation. hCy-Tf-CA showed high selectivity and sensitivity for detecting O2·- fluctuation in vitro. More importantly, by introducing hepatocyte-targeting cholic acid (CA), the probe successfully achieved accurate in situ imaging of acute inflammatory liver injury (AILI) and autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) in vivo. The introduced CA not only promotes the hepatic targeting accumulation of probes but also improves the performance of low background dual-modal imaging in vivo. Therefore, hCy-Tf-CA provides an effective strategy for significantly improving in situ imaging performance and holds great potential for early, sensitive, and accurate diagnosis of hepatic inflammation.