Four-photon absorption (4PA) multimodal therapeutic agent applied to tumor ferroptosis process tracking is rarely reported. In this paper, two functionalized terpyridine iron complexes (TD-FeCl3, TD-Fe-TD) with four-photon absorption properties were designed and synthesized. The four-photon absorption cross sections of TD-FeCl3 reached 6.87 × 10-74cm8·s3·photon-3. Due to its strong near-infrared absorption, TD-FeCl3 has excellent photoacoustic imaging (PAI) capability for accurate PA imaging. TD-FeCl3 has an efficient longitudinal electron relaxation rate (r1 = 2.26 mM-1 s-1) and high spatial resolution, which can be applied as T1-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contrast agent for tumor imaging in vivo. In addition, Fe3+ as a natural ferroptosis tracer, TD-FeCl3, is able to deplete glutathione (GSH) effectively, which can further enhance the ferroptosis process. We found that the series of cheap transition metal complexes has four-photon absorption activity and can be used as multimodal (MRI/PAI) diagnostic agents for tumor tracing processes.

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