Fungal keratitis is one of the most common blindness-causing diseases, but clinical antifungal treatment remains a challenge. The fungal cell wall and biofilm matrix which severely confine the drug preparation are the critical obstructive factors to therapeutic effects. Herein, we report ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) modified AgCu2O nanoparticles (AgCuE NPs) to disrupt the cell wall and then eradicate C. albicans through the internal cascade synergistic effects of ion-released chemotherapy, chemodynamic therapy, photodynamic therapy, and mild photothermal therapy. AgCuE NPs exhibited excellent antifungal activity both in preventing biofilm formation and in destroying mature biofilms. Furthermore, AgCuE NP based gel formulations were topically applied to kill fungi, reduce inflammation, and promote wound healing, using optical coherence tomography and photoacoustic imaging to monitor nanogel retention and therapeutic effects on the infected murine cornea model. The AgCuE NP gel showed good biosafety and no obvious ophthalmic and systemic side effects. This study suggests that the AgCuE NP gel is an effective and safe antifungal strategy for fungal keratitis with a favorable prognosis and potential for clinical translation.