Nanocatalytic therapy (NCT) has made great achievements in tumor treatments due to its remarkable enzyme-like activities and high specificity. Nevertheless, the limited types of nanozymes and undesirable tumor microenvironments (TME) greatly weaken the therapeutic efficiency. Developing a combination therapy integrating NCT and other strategies is of great significance for optimal treatment outcomes. Herein, a AuPt-loaded Cu-doped polydopamine nanocomposite (AuPt@Cu-PDA) with multiple enzyme-like activities was rationally designed, which integrated photothermal therapy (PTT) and NCT. The peroxidase (POD)-like activity of AuPt@Cu-PDA can catalyze hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) into ·OH, and the catalase (CAT)-mimic activity can decompose H2O2 into O2 to alleviate hypoxia of TME, and O2 can be further converted into toxic ·O2- by its oxidase (OXD)-mimic activity. In addition, Cu2+ in AuPt@Cu-PDA can effectively consume GSH overexpressed in tumor cells. The boosting of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and glutathione (GSH) depletion can lead to severe oxidative stress, which can be enhanced by its excellent photothermal performance. Most importantly, the accumulation of Cu2+ can disrupt copper homeostasis, promote the aggregation of lipoylated dihydrolipoamide S-acetyltransferase (DLAT), disrupt the mitochondrial tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle, and finally result in cuproptosis. Collectively, photothermal and photoacoustic imaging (PTI/PAI)-guided cuproptosis-enhanced NCT/PTT can be achieved. This work may expand the application of nanozymes in synergistic therapy and provide new insights into cuproptosis-related therapeutic strategies.