Aberrant regulation of angiogenesis supply sufficient oxygen and nutrients to exacerbate tumor progression and metastasis. Taking this hallmark of cancer into account, reported here is a self-monitoring and triple-collaborative therapy system by auto-fluorescent polymer nanotheranostics which could be concurrently against angiogenesis and tumor cell growth by combining the benefits of anti-angiogenesis, RNA interfere and photothermal therapy (PTT). Auto-fluorescent amphiphilic polymer polyethyleneimine-polylactide (PEI-PLA) with positive charge can simultaneously load hydrophobic antiangiogenesis agent combretastatin A4 (CA4), NIR dye IR825 and absorb negatively charged heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) inhibitor (siRNA against HSP70) to construct self-monitoring nanotheranostics (NPICS). NPICS can effectively restrain the expression of HSP70 to reduce their endurance to the IR825-mediated PTT, leading to an enhanced photocytotoxicity. In a xenograft mouse tumor model, NPICS show an effect of inhibition of tumor angiogenesis and also display a highly synergistic anticancer efficacy with NIR laser irradiation. Significantly, based on its inherent auto-fluorescence, PEI-PLA not only serves as the drug carrier, but also as the self-monitor to real-time track NPICS biodistribution and tumor accumulation via fluorescence imaging. Moreover, IR825 endows NPICS could also be used as photoacoustic (PA) agents for in vivo PA imaging. This nanoplatform shows enormous potentials in cancer theranostics.

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